Does Your Gum Bleed During Pregnancy?
Having swollen, red, tender gums that bleed when you brush or floss is a common complaint during pregnancy. This condition is known as pregnancy gingivitis. It happens due to hormonal changes that makes the gums more sensitive, irritable and swollen to bacteria.
Recent findings have shown that periodontal disease may be a risk factor for preterm and low birth weight babies.
Untreated gingivitis can lead to a condition called periodontitis, which weakens the tissue and bone that keep your teeth anchored. This makes it easier for plaque to build up on your teeth and makes you more susceptible to gingivitis. Here's how you can help look after your teeth and gums:
· Clean your teeth carefully twice a day for two minutes.
· Use soft bristles
· Reduce the intake of fizzy drinks, chocolates and sugary foods too often.
· if you're hungry between meals, snack on vegetables and avoid sugary or acidic foods as they may be lead to plaque formation
· Stop smoking, as it can make gum disease worse.
Your gums usually return to normal after the delivery of your baby. Practice good nutrition - Up your intake of calcium and vitamin C that helps in formation of healthy gums and teeth.
If swelling and irritation continue during and after your pregnancy, contact your dentist.